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Table 1 Summary of studies on the laser digital patterning process using metal oxide nanomaterials

From: Laser digital patterning of conductive electrodes using metal oxide nanomaterials

Metal oxide Solvent for NP ink Laser Substrate Electrical properties Transmittance @ 550 nm Refs.
ITO Ethanol ns, 248 nm PET ρ = 1.1 × 10−2 Ω cm 66% [30]
ITO Ethanol cw, 10.6 µm PET Rs ~ 400 Ω sq−1 (ρ = 12 × 10−2 Ω cm) 80% [32]
ITO Alcoholic solvent ps, 1.75 µm PET Rs ~ 300 Ω sq−1 80% [33]
ITO Commercial suspension cw, 1.5 µm Glass Rs ~ 80 Ω sq−1 (ρ = 1.3 × 10−3 Ω cm) 75% [29]
ZnO Ethanol, Ethylene glycol ns, 248 nm SiO2 R = 3.4 × 104 MΩ → 78 MΩ [42]
ZnO 1-pentanol ps, 355 nm Quartz Rs ~ 5 kΩ sq−1 (ρ = 4.75 × 10−2 Ω cm) 84% [44]
ZnO Methanol, Butyl acetate cw, 1065 nm Glass, Na-CMC ρ = 0.9 × 10−4 Ω cm [55]
CuO Ethylene glycol cw & ns 1070 nm Glass, PI ρ = 31 × 10−6 Ω cm [77]
CuO IPA ns, 1070 nm Glass ρ = 13 × 10−6 Ω cm [78]
CuO Ethylene glycol ns, 1070 nm PET ρ = 30 × 10−6 Ω cm [81]
CuO/NiO Ethylene glycol fs, 780 nm Glass [83]
CuO/GO Water cw, 405 nm PET Rs = 19.6 Ω sq−1 [84]
CuxO Isopropyl alcohol, Ethylene glycol cw, 532 nm Glass R = over 10 000 Ω → 91 Ω [85]
NiOx Toluene cw, 514.5 nm Glass, PI Rs = 655 Ω sq−1 (ρ = 63 × 10−6 Ω cm) 87% [105]
NiOx Toluene cw, 532 nm Glass ρ = 103 × 10−6 Ω cm [108]
NiOx 1-pentanol cw, 532 nm Glass, PI, PET Rs = 53 Ω sq−1 (ρ = 98.8 × 10−6 Ω cm) 84% [20]
NiOx 1-pentanol cw, 532 nm PET [109]
NiO/Cr Ethylene glycol fs, 780 nm Glass ρ = 290 Ω cm   [110]
  1. ρ resistivity, Rs sheet resistance, R resistance, ns nanosecond, cw continuous-wave, ps picosecond, fs femtosecond