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Table 4 Summary of studies on ES GNMs and polymer NF composites for biosensing and sensing applications

From: Graphene impregnated electrospun nanofiber sensing materials: a comprehensive overview on bridging laboratory set-up to industry

GNMs/Polymer Spinning parameters Limit of detection limits Biomolecule Target References
rGO/PVP/Chi (12 cm; 22 kV; 0.5 mL/h) 0.15 pmol L−1 Laccase enzyme EE2 [162]
GQDs/PVP (10 cm; 20 kV; 0.5 mL/l) 12 µM Glucose [203]
GO/PAN heat treatment > CNT/RGO 15 cm; 15 kV; 1.6 mL/h   Electrochemical detection of l-cysteine [172]
PAN/GO 15 cm; 10 kV; 0.5 mL/h
DMF, sonication and stirring
  0.25 for lidocaine and 0.5 for prilocaine
2.5 for 2,6-xylidine
1.25 for o-toluidine
Extraction of lidocaine and prilocaine [204]