Skip to main content

Table 3 Photodegradation performance for the organic dyes and some chemical compounds using MXene and MXene-based composite photocatalysts

From: Application of MXenes in environmental remediation technologies

MXene-based photocatalyst Pollutant Light source Concentration and volume Degradation efficiency Reference
Ti3C2Tx MB
AB80
UV-C lamp (254 nm) 0.012 mg L−1, 40 mL
0.06 mg L−1, 40 mL
81% in 5 h
62% in 5 h
[19]
TiO2/Ti3C2 MO 175 W Hg lamp 20 mg L−1, 100 mL 98% in 30 min [51]
(001) TiO2/Ti3C2 MO 300 W Hg lamp 20 mg L−1, 200 mL 97.4% in 50 min [52]
(111) TiO2/Ti3C2 MB
MO
500 W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, 200 mL 75% in 150 min [53]
TiO2/Ti3C2Tx CBZ 100 W medium pressure lamp 5 mg L−1, 10 mL 98.67% in 4 h [54]
Ti3C2/TiO2/CuO MO 175 W Hg lamp 20 mg L−1, 100 mL 99% in 80 min [55]
Ti2C/TiO2/Ag SA 150 W Hg lamp 100 μM, 400 mL 97.1% in 3 h [56]
TiO2@C MB 500 W Hg lamp 20 mg L−1, 50 mL 85.7% in 360 min [57]
In2S3/TiO2@ Ti3C2Tx MO 300 W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, 100 mL 92.1% in 60 min [58]
CdS@Ti3C2@TiO2 RhB
MB
SCP
Phenol
Visible light with 300 mW cm−2 20 mg L−1, 200 mL 100% in 60 min
100% in 88 min
100% in 88 min
100% in 150 min
[59]
CeO2/Ti3C2 RhB 500 W Hg lamp 20 mg L−1, 50 mL 75% in 90 min [60]
Fe2O3/Ti3C2 RhB 500 W Xe lamp 10 mg L−1, 100 mL 98% in 120 min [61]
BGFO-20Sn/MXene CR 300 W Xe lamp , 100 mL 100% in 2 h [62]
BLFMO/MXene CR double beam UV/Vis–NIR spectrophotometer (Cary 5000, Varian)  ~ 93% in 10 min [63]
CuFe2O4/MXene SMZ 300 W Xe lamp 40 mg L−1, – 59.4% in 60 min [64]
Ag2WO4/Ti3C2 TC
SFE
300 W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, – 62.9% in 40 min
88.6% in 40 min
[65]
Bi2WO6/Nb2CTx RhB,
MB
TC-HCl
500 W Xe lamp 15 mg L−1, 100 mL 99.8% in 90 min
92.7% in 90 min
83.1% in 120 min
[66]
Ag3PO4/ Ti3C2 MO
2,4-DNP
TC-H
TPL
CPL
300 W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, 50 mL [67]
g-C3N4/Ti3C2 CIP 500 W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, 50 mL 100% in 150 min [68]
g- C3N4/ Ti3C2-AgNPs Aniline 81.8% in 8 h [69]
Ti3C2Tx/GO/EY Cr(VI)
4-NA
300 W Xe arc lamp 10 mg L−1, 20 mL 99.3% in 10 min
97% in 5 min
[73]
BiOBr0.5I0.5/ Ti3C2Tx RhB
Phenol
300-W Xe lamp 20 mg L−1, 100 mL
10 mg L−1, 100 mL
100% in 40 min
50% in 5 h
[74]
  1. BGFO-20Sn Gd and Sn co-doped bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 nanoparticles, BLFMO La and Mn co-doped bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 nanoparticles, CR Congo red, MB methyl blue, AB80 acid blue 80, MO methyl orange, CBZ Carbamazepine, RhB Rhodamine B, SCP sulfachloropyridazine, SA salicylic acid, 2,4-DNP 2,4-Dinitrophenol, TC-H tetracycline hydrochloride, TPL thiamphenicol, CPL chloramphenicol, SMZ sulfamethazine, SFE sulfadimidine, CIP ciprofloxacin, 4-NA 4-nitroaniline